Including the Chinese joint ventures, the Volkswagen Group employed an average of 667,748 people in fiscal year 2019, an increase of 1.8% year-on-year. In Germany, we employed 294,779 people on average in 2019; at 44.1 (44.3)%, their share of the total headcount was slightly below the level of the previous year.
The Volkswagen Group had 641,838 active employees (+0.9%) as of December 31, 2019. In addition, 9,968 employees were in the passive phase of their partial retirement and 19,399 young people were in vocational traineeships. The Volkswagen Group’s headcount was 671,205 employees (+1.0%) at the end of the reporting period. This was primarily due to recruitments in the areas of electric mobility, digitalization and new mobility offerings. A total of 297,433 people were employed in Germany (+1.6%), while 373,772 were employed abroad (+0.5%).